The City of Bogotá

Bogotá, capital and largest city of Colombia, was founded on August 6th, 1538, by Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada. It is located east of the Sabana of Bogota, a high pleateai in the Andes Mountains, at an altitude of 2,630 meters above sea level. Its estimated 2011 population is 7,434,453, with an estimated metropolitan population of 9.6 million. It has an urban extension of about 35 square kilometers.

Bogotá is the main economic and industrial center of Colombia. In 2008 the city ranked as the fourth most influential financial center of Latin America and it is also one of the largest industrial centers in Latin America, partly due to its favourable location in terms of logistics.

Important landmarks and tourist stops in Bogotá include the botanical garden José Celestino Mutis, La Quinta de Bolivar, the national observatory, the planetarium, Maloka, the Colpatria observation point, the observation point of La Calera, the monument of the American flags, and La Candelaria (the historical district of the city). The city has numerous green parks and amusement parks like Salitre Magico or Mundo Aventura. Just outside the city you can find the salt cathedral and very near candelaria you can find the Cerro Monserrate. On a clear day you can get impeccable pictures of the city from this mountain.

A closer look at the City

Bogota’s street grid resembles Manhattan’s, where Carreras (Avenues) run from north to south and Calles (Streets) run from east to west. Occasionally, major streets are also called Avenidas. The city is divided into four zones: Historical Center, North, South and West. The Historical Center runs from Calles 5th and 34th, between Carreras 1st and 14th. This zone is home to multiple cultural and historical landmarks, and it is also where most local and national government facilities are located. The Universidad de los Andes is located in the middle-east of this zone, by the Guadalupe and Monserrate Hills. These two landforms are part of the Andes Mountains, which locals use as the quintessential orientation device. If you are facing the mountains, then you’re facing east. The Northern zone is mainly residential and retail. The Southern zone is mainly industrial and residential. In the West zone, there are government entities, residential and industrial areas, the El Dorado Internacional Airport and the main Bus Terminal.

The city's average temperature is 14°C and it usually fluctuates between 9°C and 22°C, during the course of the day. Being so close to the Equator, the region only has dry and rainy seasons. The driest months are December, January, February and March. The rainy months are April, May, September, October and November. August is windy.

For more information, please visit the official website of Bogotá.